Assessing Cargo Influence on the Ratio of Owned and Hired Vehicles in Fleet

Author:

Andrii GALKIN

Igor BUGAYOV

Yevhen KUSH

Illya TOLMACHEV

Panchenko ALEKSANDR

O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

Baganova street 17, Kharkiv

Ukraine

Abstract

More and more attention become to Transport Company’s functioning efficiency due to growing of goods’ nomenclature and specific requirements for their service. Existing scientific and practical approaches to managing of transportation process consider separate service of each contract individually. Up-today requirements for transportation services complicate such calculations. These requirements primarily include transportation frequency and volumes variation in each logistics system due to seasonal consumption of material flows. Different seasonality leads to irrational use of vehicles and decrees of their efficiency. All this gives rise to the mechanism of compatible transportation service of numerous logistics systems and their material flows by any enterprise. The article is devoted to the influence investigation of customer requirements and their products changes for the transportation services. The mechanism for assessing the transportation company efficiency serving several materials flows was presented. The research results, shows the material flows parameters influence on project investment performances with different owned and hired vehicles for their transportation services. Thus, improved the project approaches that determine the change in the number and ratio of owned and hired vehicles for transportation services several material flows, which, based on the investment project performance, which allowed proposing a set of measures for the effective management trucking companies.

Keywords

material flows, parameters, investment, owned, hired, vehicles, projects, transportation services

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Establishment of the Transport Route within an Internal and International Freight Transport Company

Author:

Ancuța BĂLTEANU

Monica BÂLDEA

Ana GAVRILUȚĂ

University of Pitești

abalteanu07@gmail.com

Abstract

In order to cope with the pressures caused by the globalization process, the beneficiaries of the various freight transport sectors are calling for the creation of a transport system and a secure transport market where the barriers of modal and national transport systems do not limit the choice of the most appropriate routes or ways of transporting the goods. This paper is part of a comprehensive study aiming at applying the methods of optimizing transport activities within an internal and international freight transport company. The first of the four papers that make up this study is the present one. In this first part, we present the characteristics of the organization of freight transport activity in the analyzed company, starting from the evaluation of the demand for transport from the customer. Based on these basic elements, the following is mono-modal road transport organization, choosing the optimal means of transport and determine the best transportation route.

Keywords

transport activity, transport request, mono-modal road transport, transport means, transport route

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Determining the Need for Means of Transport in the Context of the Single-Mode Transport

Author:

Monica BÂLDEA

Ana GAVRILUȚĂ

Ancuța BĂLTEANU

University of Pitești

bldmonica@yahoo.com

Abstract

This paper is part of a comprehensive study aiming at applying the methods of optimizing transport activities within an internal and international freight transport company. The second of the four papers that make up this study is the present one. This second part is based on the determination of the transport necessity for road transport in order to meet the customer’s demand. Subsequent, based on the determination of this indicator, the transport program shall be established, taking into account the different regulations and the legislation in force. At the end of this paper, the performance indicators of the road transport mono-modal activity are calculated.

Keywords

transport activity, transport request, mono-modal road transport, necessary transportation, performance indicators

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Assessment Models of the Green Supply Chain – an International Perspective. Analysis of the Case Studies

Author:

Blanka TUNDYS

University of Szczecin

blanka.tundys@usz.edu.pl

Abstract

Green business practices have been considered in literature and business practice for many years. The presented considerations are aimed at introducing issues and topic related to the assessment of the green supply chain. Selected case studies in the automotive industry were used to illustrate the subject. The aim of the analysis is to evaluate the green supply chain in a broad context. The implementation of the objectives will be based on the case studies (based on the literature). The paper indicates the most commonly used tools for assessing the green supply chain, practical examples taking into account the above instrument and reference of management theory to assessing the green supply chain. The last part of the considerations are case studies, selected as one of many to describe the situation of assessment of the performance measurement of the green supply chain in the automotive industry. The limited character of the text allowed only to indicate the most important elements and success factors of the green supply chain as well as the measurement elements used to evaluate this chain in the presented industry.

Keywords

assessment models, green supply chain, case studies, automotive industries

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Risk in Transfer of Knowledge and Innovation

Author:

Monika PIŚNIAK

Paula BAJDOR

Czestochowa University of Technology

m.pisniak@wp.pl

Abstract

At present, knowledge’s management is becoming a fundamental potential in the modern economy. It’s recognized like a source of economic success. Companies, especially their managers, must be able to provide the company with employee resources, which guarantee the highest level of knowledge, competence and skills. Consequently, every organization should have a functioning knowledge transfer process. Every innovative knowledge-based organization should understand and take risks. If there is a lack of skills to understand and take risk, then this situation could influence and affect to the ability in the company.

In the submitted publication, factors, which interfere with the correct process of knowledge transfer and innovation, are identified on the basis of literature analysis.

Keywords

knowledge management, knowledge transfer, risk, innovation

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Recycling – The Process of Reverse Logistics

Author:

Sylwia KRÓL

email: sylwia.krol-91@wp.pl

Marta STAROSTKA-PATYK

Czestochowa University of Technology

Czestochowa, Poland

Abstract

Reverse logistics processes tend to value recovery from waste and/or defective products. One of the disposition processes is recycling. This paper presents the basic information about reverse logistics and recycling process, giving the theoretical perspective together with some statistical data and the practical part about the recycling process in Polish manufacturing companies as well as in Polish waste management sector. It shows different opportunities for value recovery from waste and/or defective products by recycling process usage. The main goal is to give the overview for utilization of reverse logistics and its process of recycling, especially when it is possible to receive the benefits from the recycled materials.

Keywords

reverse logistics, recycling, Poland, manufacturing companies, final disposal, value recovery

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Implementation of Lean Manufacturing in a Production System

Author:

Ana GAVRILUȚĂ

Ancuța BĂLTEANU

Monica BÂLDEA

University of Pitești

ana_c_gavriluta@yahoo.com

Abstract

The Lean Manufacturing methodology allows an enterprise to satisfy the exigencies of a permanent progress needed to increase the enterprise Competitivity. Implementing this methodology has become a survival strategy in a manufacturing environment where reduction of costs represents a must and a perpetual need of the market. In this article is analysed, with the help of value stream map, a manufacturing system and are shown the improvements that can be brought to this system by implementing Lean Manufacturing methodology.

Keywords

lean manufacturing, value stream map, lead time

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An Investigation of  Supermarket Franchising as a Business Opportunity for Entrepreneurs within the South Africa Retail Industry

Author:

Andrea GEORGIOU

Mancosa Graduate School of Business,

16 Samora Machel St, Durban Central,

Durban, 4001, SOUTH AFRICA

Christo Abraham Scheepers

ir@mancosa.co.za

Abstract

The research sought to investigate supermarket franchising as business opportunities for entrepreneurs within the South African retail industry. The research problem proposed that starting and owning a business raised a number of challenges, without even taking macro-economic factors into consideration. It is further perceived that supermarket franchising was not well suited for entrepreneurs due to its rigidity and lack of freedom. The research is significant for three reasons: the research will shed light on the supermarket franchise system; it will enlighten both the franchisor and franchisee; and it will inform government of the issues faced by business owners. The research was exploratory in nature and adopted a qualitative research method using in-depth semi- structure interviews. The interviews were conducted with ten existing supermarket franchisees who were either part or sole owners of the business. The research found evidence that the supermarket franchise industry offered a number of good business opportunities, provided the individuals possessed the right skills and personality. The study also found that government were a significant hindrance in the growth of this sector. A number of recommendations were made to government, the franchisor, and potential franchisees. As this study did not consider all potential supermarket franchise groups, there is scope for further research which should also include the franchisor as a research participant.

Keywords

branding; economic growth; entrepreneurship; franchising; supermarkets

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