Supply Chain Management Journal
The modern development of the transport and logistics services market (MTLS) in
the Russian Federation is associated with the development of the country’s transit
potential in the East-West direction. The reasons for the formation of this new strategy for
Russia are changes in the geography of world trade, the transition from mass service to
customer focus, the entry of a new consumer to the market – millennials, the rapid
development of e-commerce, etc.
In this regard, many state and industry programs and projects are being
implemented in the Russian Federation today aimed at building new seaports, roads and
infrastructure for rail transportation, developing multimodal transportation, improving the
regulatory framework for international transportation, developing international transport
corridors Russian territory, including the development of the Northern Sea Route, etc.
However, the modern structure of MTLS in the Russian Federation still requires
serious transformation and improvement in order to solve the tasks assigned to it. Today,
there are many problems of its further innovative development. The main reasons for the
low level of development of MTLS include the low level of development of the integrated
logistics services segment of 3PL and 4PL providers, the technological backlog of the
Russian transport system, the insufficient level of development of the transport
infrastructure, the imperfection of the legislative base in the field of logistics and
international transportation and high administrative bureaucratic barriers, lack of private
investment, lack of qualified specialists in the field of logistics and SCM ect.
One of the most important areas of MTLS development today is the widespread
introduction of digital and information technologies in the activities of enterprises in this
market. Today it is digital technologies that are considered as a driver for the development
of the Russian economy and MTLS. In the future, the digital transformation of MTLS could
lead to serious changes. For example, the digitalization of operational and contractual
processes at MTLS has already changed consumer behavior and legislation, led to a
shortage of qualified specialists and to the wide availability of new technologies.
The main areas of development of digital and information technologies at MTLS in
Russia include the following: digitization of various types of data at enterprises (for
example, the creation of satellite maps, virtual transport exchanges, the development of
unmanned transport technologies); introduction of digital cargo delivery technologies;
automation and robotization of terminal and warehouse operations; development of cloud
management services at MTLS.
transport and logistics services market, transit potential of the Russian
Federation, digital technologies
December 2019, pp 9 – 21
In full digital transformation impacting both consumers and businesses, digital being a game
changer, we are witnessing a cultural change of encouraging innovation, making DAAAB
happen, identifying key risks by assessing value-chain nodes, reinventing the operating
models. There is a clear need of better understanding the new competition’s scale and
complexity generated by the digitization, the new digital technologies and the essentials of
innovation, the essential digital supply chain metrics, the new skills becoming necessary at
the intersection of operations and technology, the impact of culture both in the adoption of
new technologies and in innovation. There are continuous challenges for today’s supply
chains, and today’s smarter customers are putting more pressure on the digital supply chain
transformation and companies’ need of becoming more customer-centric, enhancing value
accordingly. Within this context it is worth questioning about technology evolution,
digitization, innovation and dilemmas facing today’s supply chains. And as we are all
consumers, we are witnessing that today’s path to purchase is no longer linear, and the
consumer goods industry is struggling to put the consumers at the center of the future value
networks, aligning its values with consumers’ values.
Technology Evolution; Digitization; Innovation; DAAAB; Consumers; CX
December 2019, pp 22 – 32
POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept that defines a world where all objects (cars, home
appliances, lighting systems, mobile devices, portable devices, etc.) are connected to each
through the Internet.
The Internet of Things provides solutions based on the integration of information
technology, which refers to hardware, software (used to store, process and process data)
followed by the communications component (which includes electronic systems used for
communication between individuals or groups).
The paper addresses this issue with applicability in transport and not only, for example in:
• House automation;
• Smart cars.
Each object is uniquely identified, can make decisions independently and can be connected
to any other object. All communication networks and technologies, such as mobile
computers, RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification), wireless sensor networks, and integrated
systems are used to build the Internet of Things (IoT) concept.
This concept requires a standardized approach to architectures, identification schemes,
protocols and frequencies that will take place in parallel, each being for a particular case.
IoT creates smart applications based on key-generator applications (KET). IoT applications
address either intelligent physical environments or cyber-space.
The paper addresses new technologies related to Internet of Things (IoT) to prove wireless
control, communication and IT technologies responsible for connecting multiple subsystems
and things that operate under a unified, controlled and intelligently managed platform.
Internet of Things (IoT), transport, standardized approach, key-generator
December 2019, pp 33 – 42
DESIGN THINKING & INNOVATION
December 2019, pp 43 – 83
December 2019, pp 84 – 120
December 2019, pp 121 – 140